What Is Multiple Sclerosis?
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a disease where the body's immune system attacks myelin. The myelin sheath is a fatty protective covering that surround the nerve fibers in the central nervous system. The central nervous system (CNS) is made up of the brain and spinal cord. When the sheath is damaged it disrupts communication between the brain and the rest of the body. Causes of multiple sclerosis are still unknown.
There are four different types of Multiple Sclerosis:
1). Relapsing Remitting MS (RRMS)
2). Secondary Progressive MS (SPMS)
3). Primary Progressive MS (PPMS)
4). Progressive Relapsing MS (PRMS)
Symptoms of multiple sclerosis vary between patients and which nerves have been damaged. Symptoms may be mild, moderate, or severe.
Statistics & Diagnosis
Diagnosing Multiple Sclerosis can be tricky. There are various lab and physical tests that can be done to diagnose a patient. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the brain and spine are used to check for lesions. Spinal taps or lumbar punctures are used along with MRIs for a more accurate diagnosis.
Of patients are initially diagnosed with RRMS
Of patients initially diagnosed with RRMS, worsen to SPMS
Of patients are diagnosed with PPMS
Of patients are diagnosed with PRMS. It is the rarest form of MS.
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